Khachkar (Cross Stone)

Kotayk, XIV c.

silver - 925o, semiprecious stones - 21 pcs., weight ~ 22 g.

Armenian cross stones (khachkars) are vivid phenomena in medieval art. Crosses, carved on stelae long ago beginning from the 5-6th centuries, serving as memorial or exhortational monuments in Christian countries. In Armenia, however, khachkars are embodied with an especially rich artistic content and are valuable achievements in Armenian monumental art. The first true khachkars appeared in the 9th century, during the time of Armenian revival after liberation from Arab rule. The oldest khachkar with a known date was carved in 879.